Saturday, February 26, 2022

SORD hereditary neuropathy

I may have this. (update 5/21/22 I do have this)

A, Zhu Y, Rebelo AP, Negri S, Courel S, Abreu L, Bacon CJ, Bai Y, Bis-Brewer DM, Bugiardini E, Buglo E, Danzi MC, Feely SME, Athanasiou-Fragkouli A, Haridy NA; Inherited Neuropathy Consortium, Isasi R, Khan A, Laurà M, Magri S, Pipis M, Pisciotta C, Powell E, Rossor AM, Saveri P, Sowden JE, Tozza S, Vandrovcova J, Dallman J, Grignani E, Marchioni E, Scherer SS, Tang B, Lin Z, Al-Ajmi A, Schüle R, Synofzik M, Maisonobe T, Stojkovic T, Auer-Grumbach M, Abdelhamed MA, Hamed SA, Zhang R, Manganelli F, Santoro L, Taroni F, Pareyson D, Houlden H, Herrmann DN, Reilly MM, Shy ME, Zhai RG, Zuchner S. Biallelic mutations in SORD cause a common and potentially treatable hereditary neuropathy with implications for diabetes. Nat Genet. 2020 May;52(5):473-481. doi: 10.1038/s41588-020-0615-4. Epub 2020 May 4. Erratum in: Nat Genet. 2020 Jun;52(6):640. PMID: 32367058; PMCID: PMC8353599.

Abstract

Here we report biallelic mutations in the sorbitol dehydrogenase gene (SORD) as the most frequent recessive form of hereditary neuropathy. We identified 45 individuals from 38 families across multiple ancestries carrying the nonsense c.757delG (p.Ala253GlnfsTer27) variant in SORD, in either a homozygous or compound heterozygous state. SORD is an enzyme that converts sorbitol into fructose in the two-step polyol pathway previously implicated in diabetic neuropathy. In patient-derived fibroblasts, we found a complete loss of SORD protein and increased intracellular sorbitol. Furthermore, the serum fasting sorbitol levels in patients were dramatically increased. In Drosophila, loss of SORD orthologs caused synaptic degeneration and progressive motor impairment. Reducing the polyol influx by treatment with aldose reductase inhibitors normalized intracellular sorbitol levels in patient-derived fibroblasts and in Drosophila, and also dramatically ameliorated motor and eye phenotypes. Together, these findings establish a novel and potentially treatable cause of neuropathy and may contribute to a better understanding of the pathophysiology of diabetes.

Cortese A, Zhu Y, Rebelo AP, Negri S, Courel S, Abreu L, Bacon CJ, Bai Y, Bis-Brewer DM, Bugiardini E, Buglo E, Danzi MC, Feely SME, Athanasiou-Fragkouli A, Haridy NA; Inherited Neuropathy Consortium, Isasi R, Khan A, Laurà M, Magri S, Pipis M, Pisciotta C, Powell E, Rossor AM, Saveri P, Sowden JE, Tozza S, Vandrovcova J, Dallman J, Grignani E, Marchioni E, Scherer SS, Tang B, Lin Z, Al-Ajmi A, Schüle R, Synofzik M, Maisonobe T, Stojkovic T, Auer-Grumbach M, Abdelhamed MA, Hamed SA, Zhang R, Manganelli F, Santoro L, Taroni F, Pareyson D, Houlden H, Herrmann DN, Reilly MM, Shy ME, Zhai RG, Zuchner S. Author Correction: Biallelic mutations in SORD cause a common and potentially treatable hereditary neuropathy with implications for diabetes. Nat Genet. 2020 Jun;52(6):640. doi: 10.1038/s41588-020-0649-7. Erratum for: Nat Genet. 2020 May;52(5):473-481. PMID: 32457452.

Abstract

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.


1 comment:

  1. Laššuthová P, Mazanec R, Staněk D, Sedláčková L, Plevová B, Haberlová J, Seeman P. Biallelic variants in the SORD gene are one of the most common causes of hereditary neuropathy among Czech patients. Sci Rep. 2021 Apr 19;11(1):8443. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-86857-0. PMID: 33875678; PMCID: PMC8055917.

    Abstract
    Recently, biallelic variants in the SORD gene were identified as causal for axonal hereditary neuropathy (HN). We ascertained the spectrum and frequency of SORD variants among a large cohort of Czech patients with unknown cause of HN. Exome sequencing data were analysed for SORD (58 patients). The prevalent c.757del variant was tested with fragment analysis (931 patients). Sanger sequencing in additional 70 patients was done. PCR primers were designed to amplify the SORD gene with the exclusion of the pseudogene SORD2P. Sequence differences between gene and pseudogene were identified and frequencies of SNPs were calculated. Eighteen patients from 16 unrelated families with biallelic variants in the SORD gene were found and the c.757del was present in all patients on at least one allele. Three novel, probably pathogenic, variants were detected, always in a heterozygous state in combination with the c.757del on the second allele. Patients presented with a slowly progressive axonal HN. Almost all patients had moderate pes cavus deformity. SORD neuropathy is frequent in Czech patients and the third most common cause of autosomal recessive HN. The c.757del is highly prevalent. Specific amplification of the SORD gene with the exclusion of the pseudogene is essential for a precise molecular diagnostics.

    ReplyDelete