Thursday, February 15, 2024

SORD neuropathy

Inspired by a patient (the article is about me)

Furuta Y, Nelson ET, Neumann SM, Phillips JA 3rd, Hamid R, Tinker RJ, Cogan JD, Rives L, Newman JH; Undiagnosed Diseases Network. A medical odyssey of a 72-year-old man with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2 newly diagnosed with biallelic variants in SORD gene causing sorbitol dehydrogenase deficiency. Am J Med Genet A. 2023 Dec;191(12):2873-2877. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.63383. Epub 2023 Aug 25. PMID: 37622199.


A 72-year-old man was referred to the Undiagnosed Diseases Network (UDN) because of gradual progressive weakness in both lower extremities for the past 45 years. He was initially diagnosed as having Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2 (CMT2) without a defined molecular genetic cause. Exome sequencing (ES) failed to detect deleterious neuromuscular variants. Very recently, biallelic variants in sorbitol dehydrogenase (SORD) were discovered to be a novel cause of inherited neuropathies including CMT2 or distal hereditary motor neuropathy (dHMN) referred to as Sorbitol Dehydrogenase Deficiency with Peripheral Neuropathy (SORDD, OMIM 618912). The most common variant identified was c.757delG; p.A253Qfs*27. Through the Vanderbilt UDN clinical site, this patient was formally diagnosed with SORDD after the identification of homozygosity for the above SORD frameshift through UDN Genome Sequencing (GS). His medical odyssey was solved by GS and detection of extremely high levels of sorbitol. The diagnosis provided him the opportunity to receive potential treatment with an investigational drug in a clinical trial for SORDD. We suggest that similar studies be considered in other individuals thought to possibly have CMT2 or dHMN.


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