Wednesday, November 6, 2019

Long-term outcomes of indirect bypass for 629 children with moyamoya disease

Ha EJ, Kim KH, Wang KC, Phi JH, Lee JY, Choi JW, Cho BK, Yang J, Byun YH, Kim SK. Long-Term Outcomes of Indirect Bypass for 629 Children With Moyamoya Disease:Longitudinal and Cross-Sectional Analysis. Stroke. 2019 Nov;50(11):3177-3183.

Background and Purpose- In pediatric moyamoya disease, there are few reports on the efficacy of surgical intervention for stroke prevention. We evaluated the long-term outcomes of indirect bypass surgery on a relatively large number of children with moyamoya disease in a single center. Methods- From August 1988 to December 2012, 772 children underwent indirect bypass surgery. This study included 629 patients who were followed up for >5 years, excluding patients with moyamoya syndrome. The mean clinical follow-up duration was 12 years (range, 5-29 years). Cross-sectional analysis was performed based on either Karnofsky Performance Scale or Lansky Play Performance Scale to evaluate overall clinical outcomes and factors associated with unfavorable outcomes. To analyze the longitudinal effect of surgery, the annual risk of symptomatic infarction or hemorrhage on the operated hemisphere after indirect bypass surgery was calculated with a person-year method, and the event-free survival rate was evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results- The overall clinical outcome was favorable in 95% of the patients. The annual risks of symptomatic infarction and hemorrhage on the operated hemispheres were 0.08% and 0.04%, respectively. Furthermore, the 10-year event-free survival rates for symptomatic infarction and hemorrhage were 99.2% and 99.8%. Conclusions- Indirect bypass surgery could provide satisfactory long-term improvement in overall clinical outcome and prevention of recurrent stroke in children with moyamoya disease.

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