Tuesday, January 1, 2019

Efficacy of rufinamide in childhood refractory epilepsy

Yıldız EP, Hızlı Z, Bektaş G, Ulak-Özkan M, Tatlı B, Aydınlı N, Çalışkan M, Özmen M. Efficacy of rufinamide in childhood refractory epilepsy. Turk J Pediatr. 2018;60(3):238-243.

Rufinamide has been used as a new antiepileptic drug in the treatment of drug-resistant epilepsy, in recent years. The objective of this study was to evaluate the reliability of rufinamide and its impact on seizure frequency in patients diagnosed with drug-resistant epilepsy, where seizures could not be controlled with `classical` antiepileptic drugs. We retrospectively reviewed the data of epileptic patients who were followed up between January 2004 and December 2014 in the Pediatric Neurology Department. Patients who were diagnosed with `drug resistant epilepsy` and treated with rufinamide were evaluated. Decrease in seizure frequency and drug side effects were assessed as parameters. A total of 38 patients (14 girls, 24 boys) with a mean age of 8.5 (range, 3.5-17) years were included in the study. The mean follow-up duration was 25.5 (23-29.5) months, while the mean maximal dose of rufinamide was 32.5 (28-42) mg/kg/day. Response to treatment was assessed by the reduction in frequency of seizures. The decrease was < 50% (essentially unresponsive to treatment) in 20 patients and 5099% in 8 patients. Ten patients (26.3%) remained seizure-free. The response rate for tonic seizures was 50%. In drop/attacks seizures, this ratio was found as 73%, which was quite high. Patients with myoclonic and tonic-clonic seizures did not significantly benefit from rufinamide. The rate of patients with Lennox-Gestaut syndrome (LGS) who responded very well (reduction in seizure frequency > 50%) was 55.5%. In the LGS group, patients with drop/attacks showed the best response to treatment. Rufinamide was not effective in two patients diagnosed with Dravet syndrome. Rufinamide can be safely used in pediatric patients who use multiple antiepileptic drugs and are unresponsive to the treatment. It was seen to be effective especially in patients diagnosed with LGS and drop/attacks types of seizures.

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