Wednesday, October 7, 2015

Children of women with epilepsy

Gopinath N, Muneer AK, Unnikrishnan S, Varma RP, Thomas SV. Children (10-12
years age) of women with epilepsy have lower intelligence, attention and memory:
Observations from a prospective cohort case control study. Epilepsy Res. 2015 Sep



To compare the cognitive outcome of children of women with epilepsy (CWE) with matched controls (CWO).


CWE (10-12 years) under follow up in Kerala Registry of Epilepsy and Pregnancy (n=190) were evaluated with WISC-IV, Trail Making Test (TMT), Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT) and compared with age and sex matched children of women without epilepsy - CWO (n=149) drawn from schools in the same region. The dosage was expressed as prescribed daily dose/daily-defined dose (PDD/DDD) ratio in order to make comparisons.


The Full Scale IQ of CWE (77.9±14.6) was 8.5 points lower than that of CWO (86.4±13.4), which was statistically significant (p=0.001). They performed lower on TMT Part A & B and RAVLT. The FSIQ mean±SD; PDD/DDD ratio and number of monotherapy exposure for different anti-epileptic drugs were phenobarbital: (74.5±14; 1.1±0.8; 22), valproate: (82.8±12.4; 0.3±0.1; 36), carbamazepine: (82.2±13.9; 0.6±0.3; 41), phenytoin: (82.6±13.5; 0.8±0.3; 11). The FSIQ for those exposed to phenobarbital was significantly (p=0.01) lower than others. The significant predictors of FSIQ differed at lower and higher ends of its spectrum. These predictors were low body mass index and low maternal education for FSIQ<80 and low maternal education, low maternal IQ and high anti-epileptic drug dosage for FSIQ<86. High anti-epileptic drug dosage, low maternal IQ, and low paternal education were the predictors for FSIQ<92.


The IQ, attention and memory were significantly lower for 10-12 year old CWE when compared to CWO. The important predictors of low FSIQ were antiepileptic drug dosage, maternal IQ, and parental education.

Courtesy of:

No comments:

Post a Comment