Yan Y, Xie G, Zhou H, Liu H, Wan M. Altered spontaneous brain activity in patients with childhood absence epilepsy: associations with treatment effects. Neuroreport. 2020;31(8):613-618. doi:10.1097/WNR.0000000000001447
The study aims to detect resting-state functional MRI (RS-fMRI) changes and their relationships with the clinical treatment effects of anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) for patients with childhood absence epilepsy (CAE) using the fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (fALFF). RS-fMRI data from 30 CAE patients were collected and compared with findings from 30 healthy controls (HCs) with matched sex and age. Patients were treated with first-line AEDs for 46.2 months before undergoing a second RS-fMRI scan. fALFF data were processed using DPABI and SPM12 software. Compared with the HCs, CAE patients at baseline showed increased fALFF in anterior cingulate cortex, inferior parietal lobule, inferior frontal lobule, supplementary motor area and reduced fALFF in putamen and thalamus. At follow-up, the fALFF showed a clear rebound which indicated a normalization of spontaneous brain activities in these regions. In addition, the fALFF changes within thalamus showed significant positive correlation with the seizure frequency improvements. Our results suggest that specific cortical and subcortical regions are involved in seizure generation and the neurological impairments found in CAE children and might shed new light about the AEDs effects on CAE patients.