Thursday, May 30, 2019

Angiomyolipoma and tuberous sclerosis

Gipson TT. Consequences of delay in screening, monitoring, and treatment of angiomyolipoma and tuberous sclerosis: A case report.  Clin Nephrol. 2018 Jul;90(1):71-75.


Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a multisystem disorder that results in tumor growth in various organs. TSC can affect the kidneys in the form of renal angiomyolipomas and cysts that can lead to chronic kidney disease.

A 38-year-old woman was referred to Kennedy Krieger Institute for comprehensive TSC management. Before referral, the patient had gone most of her life without a definite diagnosis of TSC despite visually-prominent signs such as forehead plaques, facial angiofibromas, and ungual fibromas. Eventually, complications of the disease led to the patient requiring hemodialysis at age 34 and a complete bilateral nephrectomy at age 36. However, the patient was not diagnosed with TSC until an evaluation at the National Institutes of Health at age 37. After becoming a patient at our clinic, a multidisciplinary approach was taken to provide comprehensive care by including various disciplines such as nephrology, neurology, pulmonology, ophthalmology, dentistry, dermatology, and cardiology.

TSC consensus recommendations aid in diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment of TSC and its associated manifestations, including those involving the kidneys. Our case underscores the importance of early identification of TSC to prevent future complications and promotes use of a multidisciplinary team to provide comprehensive care.

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