Thursday, May 9, 2019

Nasal encephalocele

A family in Pakistan is desperate for surgeons to save their infant son whose brain is growing out of his nose. The boy, named Daeima, was born with nasal encephaloceles, a rare birth defect which causes a lack of bone fusion, leading to gaps in the skull in which portions of the brain can stick out.

Surgical intervention is typically necessary for children with encephalocele, and it’s usually performed between birth and 4 months of age depending on the size, location and associated complications as well as whether a layer of skin covers the encephalocele, according to the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). But for 8-month-old Daeima, it wasn’t until his parents blew through their life savings and were turned away from numerous hospitals that he landed at Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center in Karachi, Caters News reported.

“The infant was brought to us four days ago,” Dr. Raza Haroon, head of the hospital’s neurology department, told the news outlet. “It is a case of nasal encephalocele. We are waiting for more tests and MRI, but in such cases, surgery is the only treatment. If left untreated, a life-threatening infection called meningitis could develop.”

Haroon said his team will only proceed with the surgery if all tests are positive for the condition and has recommended changes to the boy’s diet plan to improve his overall health in the meantime.

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